What is Rovuma LNG Project in Mozambique

what is rovuma lng project in mozambique

By maximising the potential of this immense Rovuma LNG project, Mozambique can look forward to becoming one of Africa’s leading LNG exporters and a major global energy player. You might want to know, what is Rovuma LNG project?

It is estimated that Rovuma Basin gas discoveries will deliver significant revenue to the economy of Mozambique and pave the way for industrialization that will benefit generations to come.

As well as supporting the country’s economic growth long-term, Mozambicans also stand to benefit from new opportunities that raise living standards.

The construction phase will boost local businesses and is expected to create 5,000 local jobs and promote local skills development. Two million hours of training are planned for Mozambican workers.

What is Rovuma LNG Project?

Rovuma liquefied natural gas (LNG) project is a 15.2 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) LNG export facility.This facility is planned to be developed for purposes of liquefying and marketing gas resources from three reservoirs in the Area 4 block of the Rovuma Basin, offshore Mozambique

The Area-4 Rovuma LNG project is based on three gas reservoirs of the Mamba complex in the Area 4 block of the Rovuma Basin. This is located approximately 40km off the Cabo Delgado coast in Northern Mozambique.  The Mamba gas field was discovered in October 2011.

The Area 4 Rovuma LNG project is estimated to hold a total of 85 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of gas reserves. Rovuma LNG project targets the development and commercialization of 21.7Tcf of high-quality gas resources.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a clean, reliable fuel that’s growing in significance as world demand increases.

Technological development means new gas deposits can now be commercialized to meet the demands of this growth market.

The discovery of substantial natural gas fields in the deep waters of the Rovuma Basin offshore Mozambique is a game-changer for the country and its people

Led by Eni and ExxonMobil, the Rovuma LNG project will develop reliable, affordable energy in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and transform the future of Mozambique.

Operator of the Area-4 Rovuma LNG Project

Mozambique Rovuma Venture (MRV), a joint venture of ExxonMobil (40%), Eni (40%), and CNPC (20%) is the operator and holds 70% interest in the Area 4 exploration and production concession contract. Galp, KOGAS, and Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos each hold a 10% interest in the block.

Eni is in charge of the construction and operation of the upstream facilities on behalf of MRV, while ExxonMobil will lead the construction and operation of the LNG and associated facilities for the deepwater Area 4 block.

When is the project expected to be completed?

The final investment decision (FID) on the multi-billion-dollar Area-4 Rovuma LNG project is expected by the end of 2019, while the construction works are expected to be started in 2020.

Expected to be brought on stream in 2024, the LNG project will produce 17,000 tonnes (t) of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) a year in Mozambique and pave the way for the country to become one of the leading LNG exporters in Africa.

Who are the Top Contractors of Area-4 Rovuma LNG Project?

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) was selected as the supplier of gas turbines and compressors for the project, under an agreement signed in April 2019.

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation (MCO) will be responsible for the supply of liquefaction compressors, while Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems (MHPS) will supply the gas-turbines for the LNG plant.

Airswift in a joint venture with Embrace is responsible to provide workforce for the project, while Bonatti International was selected for the construction of temporary accommodation and workstation facilities.

Projectos e Estudos de Impacto Ambiental (Impacto) was involved in the preparation of the EIA report for the project.

Where is Rovuma LNG Project Located?

Land of approximately 7,000ha has been obtained for the development of the Rovuma LNG project on the Afungi Peninsula. This is in the Cabo Delgado Province of Mozambique.

The built area for the LNG processing infrastructures will be 3,600ha. The rest of the land will be utilized for the construction of the auxiliary facilities.

What are the Infrastructure Details of Area-4 Rovuma LNG Project?

The first phase of the Area-4 Rovuma LNG project will comprise two liquefaction trains of 7.6Mtpa each.

The LNG trains will be equipped with H-100 gas turbines and liquefaction compressor units from Mitsubishi. Each dual-shaft H-100 gas turbine will have a rated capacity of 120MW.

The Area-4 Rovuma LNG plant will receive up to six billion cubic feet (bcf) of natural gas a day from as many as 60 production wells in Area 4 offshore block.

The feed gas for the liquefaction facility will be supplied through a new 45km-long subsea pipeline corridor.

The marine facilities for the project will include a multi-purpose dock (MPD) to support the primary construction activities.  There will also be an LNG export jetty with two marine loading berths to accommodate LNG carriers.

The project site will also feature a 1.7km-long temporary airstrip and a 3.5km-long permanent airstrip.

The initial production life of the Rovuma LNG project is estimated to be 30 years.

Is there an existing LNG off-take Agreement?

The Area 4 development partners secured LNG off-take commitment from their affiliated buyers for the 15.2Mtpa Rovuma LNG project in December 2018.


Energy is essential to improving people’s quality of life. Essential to economies. Essential to mobility. Essential to improving health and education.

The operator of Rovuma LNG project, ExxonMobil, has a responsibility to provide affordable, reliable energy. It’s a responsibility the company take seriously.

There’s a dual challenge facing our industry: meeting growing demand for energy, while at the same time reducing environmental impacts – including the risks of climate change. It’s a challenge our industry must help solve. ExxonMobil is committed to doing our part.

Innovation enables us to invest in high-quality opportunities to enhance our asset portfolio. Our relentless focus on operational excellence enables us to get the most out of each and every facility, every hour, every day.

A safe company is a well-run company. Achieving safe and environmentally responsible operations across a global enterprise requires a significant commitment from everyone at all levels of the organization. Success in safety is the result of a disciplined, rigorous approach, which also helps drive more reliable operations and improves financial results.

Our global LNG position is unmatched in the industry. We have interest in 17 LNG trains around the world, with net interest capacity of 22 million tonnes annually.

Our entry into the deepwater Area 4 block offshore Mozambique, containing an estimated 85 trillion gross cubic feet of natural gas in-place, was also completed in 2017. This resource will support an ExxonMobil-led, multi-train LNG development, with potential capacity ultimately exceeding 40 million tonnes per year.