Oilfield service companies are feeling the pain of an oil collapse, probably more than the crude producers.
Take Stacy Locke, chief executive officer for Pioneer Energy Services Corp.
Locke says he had no choice but to abandon drilling in the Bakken shale basin after roughly 20 years there as plunging oil prices slashed activity, and a major customer in the region Whiting Petroleum Corp went bankrupt.
The end result of a tough year for oil: Pioneer will lose the last 6 rigs it has in the Bakken, with each one ending jobs for 20 or so workers.
Since the start of 2019, the oilfield services sector has lost almost 50,000 jobs, or about 13% of its workforce.
Oilfield service companies in fracking
In fracking, the technology used to shake loose oil from shale is going to face the worst year ever with at least half of all work expected to be ended by July 1. This is according to Citigroup Inc.
The domino effect for workers across a wide spectrum of companies can be devastating, said Skip Locken, Pioneer’s vice president of drilling operations.
“There are so many different companies that are involved in drilling one well,” These are words of Locken, a North Dakota native. He has worked with Whiting as a client for a dozen years.
“It comes down to the person that brings water out to employees on the rig, or toilet paper, paper towels, oil, gas, cement, or who do the fracking and the logging.”
Contractors hired to map underground pockets of oil, drill new wells and open them are expected to be among the hardest hit in the energy industry.
This is as producers slam on the brakes to survive a crude-price crash triggered by a demand-destroying pandemic and a battle for market share between Saudi Arabia and Russia.
Although the world’s biggest producers agreed to a global output cut last weekend, it hasn’t been enough to boost prices from the doldrums.
Oilfield service companies financial results
Investors will get their first look at the first-quarter financial damage on Friday when Schlumberger, the world’s biggest oil services provider, reports earnings. Halliburton and Baker Hughes Co. will follow next week.
On Monday, Baker Hughes announced it will write down $15 billion in value from two of its biggest business units. That followed announcements over the past month from rivals Schlumberger and Halliburton of furloughs, salary reductions and job cuts.
After averaging less than three bankruptcies a quarter for all of 2018 and the first half of 2019, the oilfield services sector finally hit its debt wall, according to Haynes & Boone LLP. Now the hired hands of the oil patch are averaging more than eight filings over each of the past three quarters.
“I think we’re going to have quite a few bankruptcies this go around,” Locke said by telephone. “Our experience in the Bakken, after 15-20 years up there is probably over for drilling, which is really sad.”
In conclusion and to manage the current crisis, some explorers such as Parsley Energy Inc. have asked their contractors to cut as much as 25% from their oilfield costs.
But industry consultant Rystad Energy estimates that explorers may only be able to get about half that, with so little for the servicers to give up this time around.
Related: What are Oil and Gas Services?